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Specie: DogBreed: Shih tzuLife stage: adultSex: maleNatural history: Shih Tzu is one of the 14 oldest dog breeds, their name means little lion, It is a crossing of a Tibetan dog with the Lhasa Apso or Pekingnese.Years ago, Tibetan Monks had a breeding program where they developed the Lhasa Apso, Pug, Pekinese, and Shih Tzu. The monks, were training the Shih Tzu to turn prayer wheels as part of the daily routine. They were used as gifts from the monks to royalty in China.The Breeding of Dogs Act 1991, the Monks I believe they were “hobby breeders” and they didn’t have any licence.Exercise/ Enrichment needs: A daily walk of 20 to 25 minutes per day is the minimum requirement and two times a day of 20 minute walks per day is best for this breed. Daily dietary needs: An adult Shih Tzu 1 year and older should have at least 2 meals per day. Shih Tzu doesn’t eat very much, so is better separate the food in 2 meals per day instead of 1. Can be dry food or wet food.Shih Tzu adult, based on weight:9 to 12 lbs. = 3/4 to 1 cup13 to 16+ lbs. = 1 to 1 and 1/4 cupIf is a mix of dry and wet food: for each meal, remove 1/8 of a cup from the serving size of the dry dog food and replace it with 2 tablespoons of the wet food.Daily water needs: Dogs in general need a source of water at anytime, they need to be hydrated all the time because they are very active animals. Is better if we provide a fresh water bowl everyday, if is possible a metal one so they can’t bite it or throw the water on the floor.Animal Welfare Act 2006, its need for a suitable dietThe Pet Animals Act 1951 (as amended in 1983), that they are supplied with appropriate food and drinkTemperature: Shih tzu has some cold intolerance, their nose is very sensitive and could get chapped with the cold, also their paws are so sensitive and can really damage them. However, the excessive heat isn’t good for them, can cause issues with their breathing problems. In the summer months is better to go for a walk at morning or at nights avoiding the hot hours, and give water in the half way going at homeVentilation needs: The husbandry of any dog has to be very ventilated, because they have a very strong smell and also they could get stressed without fresh air.cAnimal Welfare Act 2006, its need for a suitable environmentFrequency and list of routine health checks: Wellness checks, once per year for adults and twice per year for seniors. The vet will run a complete blood count, urinalysis and stool sample testing. Your dog will be checked for any possible developing orthopaedic issues, breathing issues and vision and hearing will be checked.You will want to brush your Tzu’s teeth once per day, using the right toothbrush and canine paste. This breed should have its teeth examined once per year, with a ‘full dental’ performed as neededAnimal Welfare Act 2006, its need to be protected from pain, suffering injury and disease. Also, Veterinary Surgeons Act 1996, if the dog needs treatment or operationThe Pet Animals Act 1951 (as amended in 1983), are adequately protected from disease and fireFrequency and mode of cleaning enclosure:You need to clean their enclosure everyday, if is any faeces, or urine, otherwise is going to be a lot of bacteria, Shih Tzu can smell quite bad sometimes so is better if all their enclosures is clean to avoid more smells.For a better health and hygiene you should groom your dog, like this:-Daily: Face and eye wiping.-Every 1 to 3 days: Brushing is dependent on coat length; Long coats every day, moderate coats every 2 days, short coats every 3 days.-Every 3 weeks: Baths. Skin or coat disorders may require more frequent baths.-Every 6 weeks: Nails.-As needed: Coat trims, paw and nose care and touch-up body wiping.Animal Welfare Act 2006, its need for a suitable environmentThe Pet Animals Act 1951 (as amended in 1983), the animals are kept in accommodation that is both suitable and cleanShih Tzu bed needs:-good support and proper positioning: has to be the right size otherwise they can get back problems- Security: dogs need their own spaces and feel securer some control over his life-Hygiene: dog’s bedding, tent to accumulate body oils, skin flakes and dust mites. Animal Welfare Act 2006, any need has to be housed with……The Pet Animals Act 1951 (as amended in 1983), the animals are kept in accommodation that is both suitable and cleanLegislation: All the legislation has been written in each main paragraph.Specie: Native poniesBreed: Shetland ponyLife stage: adultSex: maleNatural history: Shetland ponies originated in the Shetland Isles, located northeast of mainland Scotland.probably later crossed the native stock with ponies imported by Norse settlers. Shetland ponies were first used for pulling carts, carrying peat, coal and other items, and plowing farm land.The Breeding of Dogs Act 1991Daily water needs: they need continuous acces to clean and fresh waterDaily dietary needs: each horse needs approximately 0,5-1.0 hectares of grazing of a suitable quality. The daily ration should be spread over at least two meals a day. Should be provided with a predominantly fibre-based diet as either grass, hay, haylage or a gay replacement.Suplementary feed is hay or grass.The Pet Animals Act 1951 (as amended in 1983), that they are supplied with appropriate food and drinkTemperature: Shetland ponies have evolved to adapt and survive in their surroundings. They are more adapted in cold temperatures because of their coat and the hot weather they tend to suffer more. Animal Welfare Act 2006, its need for a suitable environmentVentilation needs: Proper ventilation helps control unpleasant oudors and prevents the accumulation of ammonia. Substrate or Beeding needs: they’ve got thick coats, so they can live outdoors throughout the year, they can obtain natural shelter (three or hedges) or man-made (field shelter) dependent of their environment.Any horse may need stabling at short notice if they become sick or injured. The stable for a pony has to be 3’05m x 3’65mAnimal Welfare Act 2006, its need for a suitable environmentExercise/ Enrichment needs: Horses and ponies need exercise or freedom to exercise at least once a day. They need to graze and socialise with other horses/ponies. Also you can train them but without unnecessary suffering of disciplineFrequency and mode of cleaning enclosure: Simple measures like taking a broom or long-handled duster, you can clean the big bits on the ground, for making it cleaner anFrequency and list of routine health checks: they need a high level of supervision, no less than six hourly intervals  during normal waking hours. horses at grass should be inspected at least once a day. A parasite control programme, a Wormer and a appropiate faecal worm eggs count. Teeth should be inspected by a vet at least once a yearAnimal Welfare Act 2006, its need to be protected from pain, suffering injury and disease. Also, Veterinary Surgeons Act 1996, if the dog needs treatment or operationThe Pet Animals Act 1951 (as amended in 1983), are adequately protected from disease and fireLegislation: All the legislation has been written in each main paragraph.

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