Plastic is a product made to last forever but unfortunately
designed to thrown away. For raw materials of plastic manufacturers spend billions on excavating fossil fuel which is a
limited resource by polluting air and you toss them back to earth after 10 -15
minutes of use taking another 1000 years to biodegrade. With the increase of
domestic consumption of plastic China banned import of low grade used plastic
in effect from January 2018. This decision has a large impact on EU been the
largest exporter of used plastic adding up to three million tons per annum and
with this stern decision of China there will be an increase of plastic pile
yards around the EU region. The ban also
effects the plastic strategy of EU the “circular economy” which is in practice
of minimizing the cost through the entire production cycle.
Plastic being a light weight, durable and low cost product is
popular among consumers & producers and getting rid of it in the short run
will not be easy for the EU. The main objective of the EU should be to keep
unwanted plastic inputs out of the environment to uphold their own plastic
strategies. In 2014, EU incinerate 39%, 31% been landfilled and the rest of the
30% of used plastic was recycled.
recommendations for the EU,
Increase the rate of recycling with separate
collection of waste strategy, thereby increasing the quality of the recycling
Encourage reusing and plastic shouldn’t be seen
Come up with prevention and reduction of single
use plastic items either by levying or banning.
PET plastic bottles can be easily converted into
flakes and can be used as raw material to produce the same PET bottle without
harming its standards. Pepsi and Nestle are two companies which practice this
mechanism currently. Through an effective deposit system with financial
incentives to deposit the used plastic at established centers which can easily
convert PET products.
These solutions will temporarily
reduce the piling of plastics and these used plastics can be utilized for greater
good for humans rather polluting the environment by incinerating or filling
Lon term recommendations,
Through standardizing it becomes a norm and a guideline to follow in the
plastic market. Thereby the EU can promote innovations in products and process
designing ultimately achieving zero waste targets within the region.
is produce using organic wastage and special crops which is 100% eco-friendly
(if they are found on oceans bioplastic will be equal to fish food) and
substitutes the use of plastic. This conserves fossil fuel but eventually will
rise competition among food crops.
Therefore intensive research in this field will help us to get rid of
plastic in the long run and this will give a proper solution for used plastic
rather producing them in EU and dumping it in China and buying back its by-products
from China just growing its network of plastic and not eradicating it.