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“Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”, Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the USA. After WWII, Germany was split into 4 zones, one for France, one for Britain, one for the U.S.A., and one for the Soviet Union. Even though the city of Berlin was clearly in the Soviet sector, it was also split into 4 sectors in the same way. The British, French, and American sectors were technically 1 sector. West Berlin and West Germany were influenced by the US, but East Germany and East Berlin were influenced by the Soviets. The division of Berlin is an example of conflict and compromise because of the Berlin Wall, East Germany, and West Germany, and U.S. and Soviet interference.First of all, the Berlin Wall was an example of conflict and compromise in the division of Berlin. Shortly after midnight on August 13th, 1961, East German soldiers started building a wall. The Berlin Wall physically separated East and West Berlin. Many families were separated by this sudden building of a wall. The wall made even more people hate the Soviet Union. Because of this, there were many skirmishes and standoffs that could’ve led to WWII. People ran across Death Strip(the section between East and West Berlin) and if they were spotted, they were killed on spot by the East German soldiers. It was also separated Berlin ideologically as the West became known as the prosperous state and the east as the less prosperous state. Also, because of the East German soldiers killing the caught escapees on the spot, the East German people hated the Soviet Union even more, and sometimes hordes of people beat up the East German police.    On the two sides of the Wall were two Berlins, which were very different from each other. The Western side introduced a new currency in 1948. This made the USSR unhappy because then East Germans might just use the West’s currency instead of their own currency. Because Berlin was in East Germany, the Soviets thought they should have the land. In 1948 They attempted to blockade West Berlin, but an Allied airlift foiled their attempt. The people were divided, so families were also split. The capitalist West was more economically prosperous, so East Germans would try to escape East Germany, and many died trying to escape. The two Berlins were in alliances or controlled by the U.S. and the Soviet Union, so they had to participate in U.S. and Soviet activities. When the Olympics were in Moscow, the U.S., West Germany, and other U.S. allies boycotted and did not participate. When the Olympics were in Los Angeles, the Soviets, East Germany, and other Soviet allies also did not participate.The two Berlins were influenced by the US and Soviets. The Soviets put a communist government in East Germany, so the East was a Soviet puppet state. The Soviets also ordered the Berlin Wall to be built, another factor that the East was a puppet state. In 1961, U.S. and Soviet tanks stood off at Checkpoint Charlie, which meant that U.S. and Soviet military forces were stationed in the two Berlins. Even though the Allies ended the Berlin occupation in 1955, they still aided the West. But, the Soviets kept control of the East.As you can see, the division of Berlin is an event that heavily impacted history with factors such as the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany and also U.S. and Soviet influences. The Berlin wall was a symbol of the division and caused conflict into many families. East and West Berlin also caused conflict within families. The foreign influences put two different types of governments into the two Germanys, which was conflict and compromise. From 1961 to 1989, 5,000 East Germans escaped. Much more tried but failed.

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