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Biomimetics is the learning of the  structure and  function of biological systems as models for
the design and engineering of material and machines . In other words , we can
say that it is recollection of nature, models, systems, processes and elements
to take inspiration from it in order  to
solve problem faced by human. Biomimetics is the process of incorporating
principle that would that would promote sustainability in the same way the
nature does from cradle to grave, from raw material to recycling it , in the
world especially in the physical world. The word  biomimetics is derived from “bios”  means life and mimesis means to imitate which
is introduced by Schmitt. It is the scientific method of learning new
principles and processes based on systemic study and observations with live
animals and organisms for practical solutions to future technology.

Biomimetics is principle be applied
in many fields. Because due to the complexity of biological systems, the number
of features that might be imitated is large. Biomimetic applications are at
various stages of development from technologies that might become commercially
usable to prototypes. And i have learned a lot
in this course that how a technology id developed by observing the nature and
it was proved as really good and new experience for me to learn about
biomemtics science.

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KEY LEARNINGS AND 
EXPERIENCE:

As this subject is new to me , I
gain much more knowledge on various aspects of nature and the lecture delieved
by sir was very impressive and attractive. I able to understand each and every
thing very clearly and effectively. It is really nice to have
Prof. George john having a session on biomemtics. It is good experience of
having such session in which I had gain knowledge about a subject which was not
there in my course (b.sc). There are various kinds of examples related to lotus
leaf, fibre food material, whale wind turbines, king fisher and the Shinkansen
etc. Lots of learning are there in this session and which will help me in
taking various decisions related to technology in future.and following are my key learnings:

Ø  It helps us to analyse natural mechanisms and thus make our
lives easy and smooth.

Ø  Biomimetics is a platform where one can discover new devices
with inspiration from nature.

Ø  Many researchers came up with ideas ,device and views like
inspiration from birds  for flights
stability etc.

In  the class we came to know about technologies
and thinking involved behind the things that we are using in our daily life. These
technologies were invented from the phenomena occuring from the nature.

·        
This course has
familiarized  us with  some of the process and method of
establishing  principals through
observation, experimentation and construction model  of living organism.biomemetic product are
successful in market. They are very resource efficient and have a very high
degree added value . hence the future development of these products will helps
us a lot.

A  MOSQUITOS INSPIRED STRATEGY TO IMPLANT
MICROPROBES  INTO THE BRAIN :

 Mosquitos are the life
threatening  insects on the  planet due to their ability to transmit
diseases like malaria through their bite. In order to bite, a mosquito must
insert a set of micro-sized needles through the skin to reach vascular
structures. The mosquito uses a combination of mechanisms including an
insertion guide to enable it to bite and feed off of larger animals. Here, we
report on a biomimetic strategy inspired by the mosquito insertion guide to
enable the implantation of intracortical microelectrodes into the brain. Next
generation microelectrode designs leveraging ultra-small dimensions and/or
flexible materials offer the promise of increased performance, but present
difficulties in reliable implantation. With the biomimetic guide in place, the
rate of successful microprobe insertion increased from 37.5% to 100% due to the
rise in the critical buckling force of the microprobes by 3.8-fold. The
prototype guides presented here provide a reproducible method to augment the
insertion of small, flexible devices into the brain. In the future, similar
approaches may be considered and applied to the insertion of other difficult to
implant medical devices.

The parasitic bite of a female mosquito allows it to both
inject an anticoagulant to thin the host’s blood, and then, like a miniature
hypodermic needle, suck out blood to aid in egg productionTo enable the
mosquito to penetrate the host’s skin with a set of blood-sucking needles,
multiple mechanisms are employed. Specifically, the mosquito must increase the critical
buckling force of each fascicle, while also reducing the force required to
penetrate the skin.

A series of recent studies have discussed strategies taken
by nature to prevent buckling .Categorized strategies to either increase the
critical buckling load, or conversely decrease the required penetration load.
Interestingly, the mosquito does both, inspiring the design of “painless”
microneedles. We are particularly intrigued by the mosquito’s ability to
increase the critical buckling force for adaptation to our application to
implant intracortical microelectrodes into the brain. These devices offer a
means of probing the functional neuronal network activity for both basic
science and rehabilitation applications

To
increase the critical buckling load, the mosquito reduces the effective length
of its fascicles by using a second structure, the labium, as an insertion guide
. To prevent fascicle buckling during insertion, the critical load must be
higher than the penetration load. The mosquito fascicle and host tissue
interface does not perfectly follow Euler’s formula for critical buckling load
of an ideal beam due to complementary mechanisms of insertion . However, one of
the takeaways remains true—the effective length of the implant dictates the
critical load that it can withstand without buckling. 

CONCLUSION:

It
is really very great experience to know about something great which is not a
part of management studies but helps in taking decisions related to business
adopting new technology. Biomemtic a non credit subject gives lot information
which is enough for knowing a new subject rather than asking question what is
it? So according to me it is different and very interesting experience for me
and it should be there always for educating new aspirants in future.

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