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A bad neighbor is a
misfortune, as much as a good neighbor is a blessing. Neighbors are the people
who live near us, and their behaviour influences our daily life. Good neighbors
can make us feel comfortable and help us in many ways, and everyone will be
benefited from a good relationship among neighbors. Though we like or dislike
our neighbors it is very important to keep a good relation with them. Not only
our next-door neighbors, our relation with neighboring countries must as well
be good .

The area of the place
that surrounds our home or the area we live in is called neighborhood. Good
neighborhood is as important as neighbors because a good neigborhood reflects
the community’s character, encourages the people living in that neighborhood to
involve in social development projects and other activites. Not only in the
area we are living but the country also needs a good neighborhood in order to
be developed.

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Special relationship
between neighboring countries increases the possibility of development of those
countries. In perspective of South Asia, the relationship between all the eight
countries (i.e. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal,
Pakistan, Sri lanka) that lie in this part of the world is good. All these
countries have a good relation with each other and have proven to be good
neighbors by helping the country that is in need.  A good neighborhood is required to all the
countries as they will be of great help economically, politically, culturally.
Relation between the countries of South Asia can be seen from different
perspectives:  Economical view, cultural
view, political view, trade relation.

If we look at the
recent updates, we can see that the economic 
status of the countries in South Asia is growing rapidly. This part of
world is experiencing positive economic momentum. Since decades, South Asia has
focused on improving overall health and primary education levels and upgrading
infrastructures, areas of particular importance for future diversification.
Health and primary education and infrastructures have proved significantly in
South Asia but the latter remains the region’s second weakest pillar.
Investment in these areas will be essential to fully unlock economic growth.
Despite of only having some countries with high economy rate,it has helped to
increase the economic growth rate of South Asia. There are many people below
poverty line in the countries in South Asia but still we can see the rapid
economic growth in this region. This rapid economic growth has become only
possible due to the unity they have in them and also because they are in a good
neighbourhood. Not only this, the countries with high economic rate help the countries
that are developing. They donate huge amount of money to developing countries
for the sake of their development. In this way the countries in South Asia are
economically related.

South Asian countries
are characterized by tremendous socio-cultural diversity,which , in the first
place is observed within each country of the region. Nevertheless people of the
region share social, cultural, linguistic and religious practices across the
national boundaries.  One can either see
the diversity as too overwhelming to see any relevance in the region as a
civilizational enitity or one can point out the similarities and see them as
symptomatic of cultural continuities across the subcontinet. Similarities are
also observed in the social realm as people from South Asia also share
analogous hierarchical comceptions of society, with the caste system largely
replicated by people as its epitome. South Asia is a land in which people have
managed to introduce caste into all religions, be it Christianity, Buddhism,
Jainism, Hinduism, or Islam. Though people of different religions live in these
region, they live in peace and tolerance. Similarities in their culture and
tradition has also helped them unite. in this twenry first century, all the
countries in this region has modernized and due to this all religions are
treated equally. Even though people of different kind, different religion and
culture live in these countries, they live in equality and tolerance.

On the
political level, despite the intermittent difference in regimes, some practices
are strikingly similar, such as dynastic tradition that has enabled women to
occupy the highest position in several countries of South Asia. The fact that
discrimination against women can reach high levels in these socities can not be
resisted. Political parties has played an active roles in decolonization,
freedom struggles and social change in the region. All the countries in the
South Asia has almost same history too. 
India, since its independence has practiced democracy and is most
matured democracy in the region while Bangladesh and Pakistan have both
experienced military and civilian rules. While democracy has been stablized in
Bangladesh, democratic practices are weak in Pakistan. Even if Nepal was not
colonized it was ruled by royal family which is now abloished and Nepal has
opted for federal democracy. Though Sri lanka demonstrated a stable political
development, in recent years politics has been turbulent.  Bhutan has been the only South Asian country
with a monarchial rule. Inspite of many experiment and innovative efforts to
streamline public administrations, government has remained weak, unresponsive
to citizen’s need, transparent and unaccountable. These have made wicked
problems such as corruption, poor service quality and delivery, energy crisis,
unemployment, more precarious in all the countries in South Asia.

The trade
relationship withing the countries of South Asia is also good. Pakistan and Sri
lanka are considered as the export base of the four major South Asian countries
(Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri lanka). While some countries export the
goods and necessities, the other countries import. Though the south Asian
countries don’t  trade with each other
extensively, they have a good trade relation. Intraregional trade mainly
consists of food commodities and agricultural raw materials. The trade relation
is good mainly between India and Nepal as Nepal can depend only upon China and
India for exporting and importing. Due to similarity in culture, food habits, dressing
style, it becomes easier to import goods from India rather than from China. The
trade realtion of Nepal-India is good also because of open borders between
India and Nepal. The government does not have to pay high tax to import good
from bordered countries. Not only of Nepal-India but trade relation of India
and Bhutan, Maldives, Sri lanka is euqally good. The political disputes between
Pakistan and India has decreased the trade rate in South Asia. If the dispute
is solved, the trade rate would increase rapidly between the countries and it
would help in rise of economic growth of this region.

South Asian
countries have established a regional intergovernmental organization and
geopolitical union of nations which is called The South Asian Association for
Regional Cooperation (SAARC). SAARC was founded in Dhaka on December 8, 1985.
The organization was founded in order to promote development of economic and
regional integration. SAARC maintains diplomatic relations at  the UN as an observer and has develpoed links
with multilateral entities. SAARC not only maintains relations but also focuses
to support individuals and organizations within the region. It also helps to
promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in the economic, social,
cultural, techinal and sceintific fields. It gives awards to individuals and
oraganizations based in South Asia in order to encourage them to undertake
programs that complement the efforts of SAARC, to encourage them to contribute
for bettering the conditions of women and children, to maintain peace,
development, environment protection and regional cooperation.

South Asia
has formed a council called South Asian Federation Games for games that
consists multi-sport event which is held among the athletes from South Asia. This
council was formed in 1993 which is joined by all eight member countries of
South Asia. Sports like cricket, taekwondo, badminton, basketball, cycling,
baseball, football, shooting, squash are competed upon in the South Asian
games. The council was formed to perform sports events so that it will help to
promote cooperation, understanding and relation among the countries in South
Asia. Organizing games and playing between neighboring countries and
neighborhood will help to know more about the country. In addition to this,
during the games the country has to build stadiums, courts, pools and other
required facilities for the games which can later be used for internal games.
In one hand, the relation between the countries become stronger and in the
other hand, development will be seen in sports sector. Also, the neighboring
country would know the needs of out country and would help us develop in sports
sector. So it is important to organize sports events between countries like
South Asian games.

The neighborhood
in South Asia is good if we see it from the perspective of economy, culture,
trade and politics. In addition with that a good neighborhood must also be of
help when in need.  Acoordingly climate
also plays a major role in making the neighbor and neighborhood good or bad.
When the neighboring countries face disasters or calamities, the neighbors must
help the country that is suffering. Not only economically but the whole
neighborhood must be able to help the country in every way possible. Being
supportive just economically does not make 
the neighborhood a good one. In todays world, neighbors play a very
important role in our life. Be it next-door neighbor or be it a country next to
ours; nobody is complete without neighbors. But as nieghbors, neighborhood is
equally important because having a goof neighbor but not living in a good
neighborhood wouldn’t be of any help because to be strong not only our neighbor
but the whole neighborhood must be supportive. The climate in the South Asia is
almost similar and all the countries have to face the same kind of climate, so
all the countries know how the climate feels like and how it feel when the
weather is bad. Therefore the countries in South Asia don’t take a step back
when it’s time to help the countries in the region.

Not all
countries have all the facilities that is needed in order to have a prosper
life. Some or the other problems are created in small countries like Nepal,
Maldives. For example, if a person is critically ill and the equipments
required to cure the person is not available in the country, then the person
has to be taken to foreign developed neighboring country. In this case, the
neighboring country must be able to help us. Likewise, problems like
umemployment is also found in developing countries, so the developed countries
must provide employment opportunities to the people. In context of Nepal, as
it’s neighboring country is India, it has been of great help. India has
provided a platform for employment and even in education sector India has
provided seats to the students from foreign in affordable price. Not only
India, all countries in this region are helpful and are ready to help neighbors
during their bad times. Nepal being a landlocked country, there is no sea
transportation and even for food varities, sea foods are unavailable. In this
case, foreign neighboring countries which has sea has helped Nepal through
trade. Export rate is less in Nepal and import rate is high. Because Nepal is
not fully developed, it frequently needs help and there are countries in
neighborhood which are ready to help at any instant due to which development
work has become a bit easier.

Neighboring
countries and neighborhood provide platform to the people from their region in
different sectors. Beauty peagents are organized so that women from different
regions would attend it and be able to showcase themselves and their talents.
Not only for women, even for men events like these are organized. With these
events we will be able to know more about different cultures and traditions of
different countries and we can know them properly. Though in South Asia, women
are not given much priority, events like beauty peagents will help to increase
their confidence level and will be able to make them stand in front of the
world confidently. Showcasing the talent of an individual would provide him/her
a lots of opportunities in future which would eventually give him/her success
in the field s/he is working in. if the foreign country helps in making career
of the people of that country then obviously the bond between them would be
stronger.

 Even for safety of the country, good
neighborhood is needed. If the neighboring country is helpful and hopes the
betterment of its neighboring country then hopefully it will protect the other
country too. Small and developing countries don’t have enough equipment to
fight again its enemies but developed countries would have it all. So it would
be of great help to have a neighbor. It is very difficult for a nation to
survive without anybody’s help as everybody needs help. If a nation is alone
has no relation with any of the neighboring countries and decides to remain
alone then the nation would not be there any longer as a powerful nation would
capture it. Nobody can live in this cruel world alone. Not everyone is cruel
but in order to be safe and feel protected, one must have a good relation with
neighbor.

For the
development of the country, correct advises should be given so that the country
can be developed in a smooth manner. It is the duty of neighboring country to
give right advice to the developing country so that the country can be
developed. Not only for development, but to make different kinds of decisions,
neighbors are important. In addition to neighbors, neighborhood can help more
in making correct decision. Decision made by self may not be fully correct but
decisions made after dicussing with others will eventually help them to make a
right decision.  Here, if the neighbor
has a wicked thinking, then it will surely lead its neighbor country to a wrong
destination and try to destroy it. For the sake of developing a country and
reaching to a right destination its important to have neighbors and
neighborhood of good intension.

Neighbors
are also important because we can go for their county for vacations. Due to
this, one will be able to know the lifestyle, culture, tradition of the other.
Not only for fun but visiting foreign would also increase the knowledge of
people. One can also see the development projects that is going on in that
country due to which he can come back to his country and try to imply the same
idea in order to develop the country. Travelling would also help them make new
friends and would let them know more about the neighboring countries.
Travelling to neighboring countries also plays a vital role in making the bond
between two countries stronger. 

Therefore,
for economical growth, for security, for political development, for growth in
trade rate, for vacations, for platforms, for development of the country, for
job opportunities and for other important reasons having a good relation with
neighbors is important. But having a good neighborhood is as equally important
as having a good neighbor because the way the whole neighborhood can help, one
neighbour cannot. As said “two heads better than one”, neighborhood is better
than only neighbor. Hence from accumulating the facts and ideas we can conclude
that neighborhood is as important as neighbors.

 

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