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1) Research and write the types of dementia and include their symptoms and treatments?

Alzheimer’s disease

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Symptoms: Struggle to remember recent conversation, difficulty in speaking, poor judgement, depression

Treatment: There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, it can slowly get better.

Vascular dementia

Symptoms: Loss of vision, confusion, disorganisation, difficulty speaking or understanding

Treatment: There is no treatment for Vascular disease

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB)

Symptoms: Changing in thinking, confusion, delusion, difficulty while sleeping, movement disorder

Treatment: There is no cure for Dementia with Lewy Body.

Mixed dementia

Symptoms: Depression, difficulty remembering recent conversation, poor judgement

Treatment: There is no treatment for Mixed Dementia

Parkinson’s disease

Symptoms: Slower movement, loss of sense of smell, sleeping difficulties, balance problems, the voice becomes softer, quieter

Treatment: This disease cannot be cured but the medication can help control the symptoms.

Frontotemporal dementia

Symptoms: Lack of social tact, depression, not willing to talk, gaining weight

Treatment: There is no cure for Frontotemporal dementia, but treatments can help manage some symptoms. 

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Symptoms: Memory loss, depression, insomnia, difficulty speaking, blindness

Treatment: There is no cure for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

Symptoms: Difficulty walking, difficulty holding urine, depression,

Treatment: Treatment includes surgery in the brain

Huntington’s disease

Symptoms: Abnormal movement, weight loss, depression, clumsiness, difficulty speaking

Treatment: There is no cure for Huntington’s disease.

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Symptoms: Difficulty remembering recent conversation, abnormal eye movement, loss of muscle coordination which can cause leg tremor

Treatment: Essential vitamin can cure Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome.


2) Research and state what are the strategies to communicate with dementia patient?

 The strategies to communicate with dementia patients are: –

l  Avoid distractions

l  Speak clearly and naturally in calm voice

l  Refer to the patient by their name

l  Talk about one thing at a time

l  Have patience

l  Listen properly

l  Don’t argue with the patient









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